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Geography Department Style
The Department of Geography & the Environment uses APA Style (7th ed.) for citations.
Purdue OWL - APA Style Guide
Resources on APA in-text citation and references as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster.
WHY to cite your sources
Citation: A (Very) Brief Introduction from NCSU Libraries VIDEO
University of Richmond Honor Council & the UR Honor Code
The UR Honor Council maintains the University's Honor Code used in order to maintain high standards of academic integrity. This website provides information on the Honor Code Pledge students are required to acknowledge for assignments.
Boatwright Library Citing Sources Guide
How to: APA citations from Google Scholar
Step 1. Click on the quotation mark under a citation
Step 2. Select and copy the text next to APA
Step 3. EDIT!
Look for things like capitalization, punctuation, and missing information.
APA quirks & common mistakes
Capitalize only the first letter at the beginning of a title:
Three ways to combat climate change through the courts. (CORRECT)
Three Ways to Combat Climate Change Through the Courts. (INCORRECT)
Capitalize the first letter after any punctuation in a title:
Cities and climate change: Urban sustainability and global environmental governance (CORRECT)
Cities and climate change: urban sustainability and global environmental governance (INCORRECT)
Proper nouns are also capitalized in titles:
Economic mobility and the rise of the Latin American middle class (CORRECT)
Economic mobility and the rise of the latin american middle class (INCORRECT)
"Retrieved from" dates
Generally you do
not need to list the date when you accessed a website:
Retrieved from https://thewalrus.ca/a-future-without-sharks/ (CORRECT) vs.
Retrieved November 8, 2018 from https://thewalrus.ca/a-future-without-sharks/ (INCORRECT)
Only list the date when the content is designed to be constantly updated (like on a wiki)
Retrieved August 1, 2022 from http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Peru/Arahuay (CORRECT)
How to: Hanging Indent in Word
How to: Hanging Indent in Google Drive
Step 1: Select your text
Step 2: Format > Align & indent > Indentation options...
Step 3: Choose "Hanging" under Special dropdown and click OK