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Geography Department Style
The Department of Geography & the Environment uses APA Style (6th ed.) for citations.
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Ed.)
On reserve at the front desk at Boatwright Library
WHY to cite your sources
Citation: A (Very) Brief Introduction from NCSU Libraries VIDEO
University of Richmond Honor Council & the UR Honor Code
The UR Honor Council maintains the University's Honor Code used in order to maintain high standards of academic integrity. This website provides information on the Honor Code Pledge students are required to acknowledge for assignments.
Boatwright Library Citing Sources Guide
How to: APA citations from Google Scholar
Step 1. Click on the quotation mark under a citation
Step 2. Select and copy the text next to APA
Step 3. EDIT!
Look for things like capitalization, punctuation, and missing information.
APA quirks & common mistakes
Capitalize only the first letter at the beginning of a title:
Three ways to combat climate change through the courts. (CORRECT)
Three Ways to Combat Climate Change Through the Courts. (INCORRECT)
Capitalize the first letter after any punctuation in a title:
Cities and climate change: Urban sustainability and global environmental governance (CORRECT)
Cities and climate change: urban sustainability and global environmental governance (INCORRECT)
Proper nouns are also capitalized in titles:
Economic mobility and the rise of the Latin American middle class (CORRECT)
Economic mobility and the rise of the latin american middle class (INCORRECT)
"Retrieved from" dates
Generally you do
not need to list the date when you accessed a website:
Retrieved from https://thewalrus.ca/a-future-without-sharks/ (CORRECT) vs.
Retrieved November 8, 2018 from https://thewalrus.ca/a-future-without-sharks/ (INCORRECT)
Only list the date when the content is likely to change or the URL may not be stable (like on a wiki or a PDF from an NGO)
Retrieved November 8, 2018 from http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Peru/Arahuay (CORRECT)
Retrieved November 8, 2018 from http://www.tbpa.net/docs/71_Cordillera_del_condor.pdf (CORRECT)
How to: Hanging Indent in Word
How to: Hanging Indent in Google Drive
Step 1: Select your text
Step 2: Format > Align & indent > Indentation options...
Step 3: Choose "Hanging" under Special dropdown and click OK