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Boatwright Memorial Library

GEOG/ENVR 380: Geographies of Energy (Finley-Brook): Citing Your Sources in APA Style

Geography Department Style

The Department of Geography & the Environment uses APA Style (6th ed.) for citations. 

APA Resources

WHY to cite your sources

Citation: A (Very) Brief Introduction from NCSU Libraries

Boatwright Library Citing Sources Guide

How to: APA citations from Google Scholar

Step 1. Click on the quotation mark under a citation
 screenshot showing how to click on quotation mark in Google Scholar

Step 2. Select and copy the text next to APA
 screenshot showing APA style citation in Google Scholar

Step 3. EDIT!
Look for things like capitalization, punctuation, and missing information.

APA quirks & common mistakes

Sentence case
  • Capitalize only the first letter at the beginning of a title:
    • Three ways to combat climate change through the courts. (CORRECT) 
    • Three Ways to Combat Climate Change Through the Courts. (INCORRECT)
  • Capitalize the first letter after any punctuation in a title:
    • Cities and climate change: Urban sustainability and global environmental governance (CORRECT) 
    • Cities and climate change: urban sustainability and global environmental governance (INCORRECT)
  • Proper nouns are also capitalized in titles:
    • Economic mobility and the rise of the Latin American middle class (CORRECT)
    • Economic mobility and the rise of the latin american middle class (INCORRECT)
"Retrieved from" dates
  • Generally you do not need to list the date when you accessed a website:
    • Retrieved from https://thewalrus.ca/a-future-without-sharks/ (CORRECT) vs.
    • Retrieved November 8, 2018 from https://thewalrus.ca/a-future-without-sharks/ (INCORRECT)
  • Only list the date when the content is likely to change or the URL may not be stable (like on a wiki or a PDF from an NGO)
    • Retrieved November 8, 2018 from http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Peru/Arahuay (CORRECT)
    • Retrieved November 8, 2018 from http://www.tbpa.net/docs/71_Cordillera_del_condor.pdf (CORRECT)

How to: Hanging Indent in Word

Step 1: Select your text
a citation in Word with all text selected

Step 2: Format > Paragraph 
Format menu, then select Paragraph...

Step 3: Choose "Hanging" from the Special dropdown box & click OK
paragraph menu with Special: Hanging indent selected

 

How to: Hanging Indent in Google Drive

Step 1: Select your text
citation with text selected
Step 2: Format > Align & indent > Indentation options...
Format menu
Step 3: Choose "Hanging" under Special dropdown and click OK
Indentation options menu
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.