Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Boatwright Memorial Library

English 399: Crime in America: Writing and Citing

Why Scholars Cite Sources

 Why Cite Sources?

Documenting the sources of information used in your research is an essential step, as necessary as selecting, evaluating, and reading them. Reports of research and its findings are not considered valid and legitimate unless the researcher documents the resources and methods used to conduct that research. For a scientist, this entails a detailed account of materials and methods used in the lab or the field. For the social scientist, it may mean including copies of surveys, questionnaires, observations, or other methods used to gather information. For any researcher using verbal or graphic materials, regardless of the medium--print, Internet, film, photographic, microfiche, etc., it means indicating exactly what materials were used and what information came from which source. The purpose of this documentation is to allow other persons interested in the subject of the research to verify information or to carry the inquiry further. Accurately and completely documenting the sources of information used in a research report or essay is therefore essential to the scholarly conversation that is the whole purpose of research.

Styles of Documentation

Different fields of inquiry have developed different styles, or rules, of documentation.  Many social sciences and some sciences prefer APA.  Some of the other social science social sciences, like education, economics, or political science, prefer Turabian or Chicago style, as do many fields in the humanities, such as classical studies and religion. Scholars of literature tend to prefer MLA style.  Scientific writing has many different formats, depending on the discipline. For more information see the "Guides to Scientific Writing" page. You should consult with your professor to determine which style you should use for any project.

Online Tutorials from Linked-in Learning


With more than 1,300 courses taught by industry experts—and more added every week—lynda.com is designed for all levels of learners and is available whenever you’re ready to learn. You can even view the resources on your iOS or Android mobile device (via web site or mobile apps).

Current faculty, students, and staff have access to a University subscription of lynda.com resources.  Please click the Access Linked in Learning link.  You will then get a UR login page for lynda.com — use your UR NetID and 16-character password before being redirected to lynda.com's web site.  

Access Linked in Learning

Sample topics: Writing a Research Paper;  Excel 2019 Essential Training; Word 2016 Essential Training; Improving Your Memory; Photoshop CC 2017 One-on-One: Fundamentals; Time Management Fundamentals; Programming Foundations: Fundamentals

UR Online Resources

MLA Paper Format

If your professor has told you to format not just your citation but your entire paper using MLA Style, this website has a detailed explanation of what that means.  https://www.easybib.com/guides/citation-guides/mla-format/

Ignore the Turnitin Box at the top. You do not need to upload your  paper to be checked against the Turnitin database. Always consider your personal privacy and intellectual property interests before making use of such a service.

Zotero

ZoteroBib Zotero's quick cite tool.

 

 

 

Zotero is a free citation management tool that can automatically import citations into your personal account, organize sources into folders, and generate bibliographies in a variety of citation styles. It also includes a word processor plugin for formatting footnotes and parenthetical citations.

Visit www.zotero.org to download the Zotero Connector (browser extension) and to learn more about Zotero.

MLA Citing (McMasters Library)

Avoid Plagiarism

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.