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Boatwright Memorial Library

FYS 100: Crime & Punishment in Russian Fiction and Film (Brandenberger): Citing Sources

Current Editions:

Why Cite?

The purpose of documenting your sources is so people interested in your research can verify information or refer to it for additional information or research. Accurately and completely documenting all sources of information used is therefore essential to the scholarly conversation — and foundational to research.

Why do we cite? 

  • Avoid plagiarism…intentional OR unintentional, always give credit to original author/creator
  • Leave a “trail of breadcrumbs”  to find information for yourself and your readers
  • Be part of a scholarly conversation- engage and acknowledge scholarly work that has come before you and contribute your ideas!

What do we cite?

  • Information that isn’t common knowledge or general facts to you/your audience
  • Direct quotations
  • Summarizing or paraphrasing ideas from source

Chicago Style Guide

General guidelines - There are 2 formats to choose from when using Chicago Style. For this class you will use the Notes/Bibliography format.  This includes numbered footnotes or endnotes at the bottom of each page, with a Bibliography or Works Cited list at the end of the paper, with all the sources from your notes listed alphabetically.

Below are the most common types of citations you will need to do. Use these examples to guide you.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.