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The purpose of documenting your sources is so people interested in your research can verify information or refer to it for additional information or research. Accurately and completely documenting all sources of information used is therefore essential to the scholarly conversation — and foundational to research.
Why do we cite?
- Avoid plagiarism…intentional OR unintentional, always give credit to original author/creator
- Leave a “trail of breadcrumbs” to find information for yourself and your readers
- Be part of a scholarly conversation- engage and acknowledge scholarly work that has come before you and contribute your ideas!
What do we cite?
- Information that isn’t common knowledge or general facts to you/your audience
- Direct quotations
- Summarizing or paraphrasing ideas from source
- Parenthetical citations: (Hannah-Jones, 2019)
- Narrative citations: Hannah-Jones (2019)
TV episode example:
- Parenthetical citations: (Favreau & Filoni, 2019)
- Narrative citations: Favreau and Filoni (2019)