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Boatwright Memorial Library

SOC 401: Capstone (Richards)

Research Guide for Sociology Capstone

Citing with American Sociological Association Style (ASA)

For sociology projects and essays, you're typically expected to use one of two citation styles: ASA or APA.  

For sociology projects and essays, you're typically expected to use one of two citation styles: ASA or APA.  

Quick Hints for ASA 

Internal Citations

  • If author’s name is in the text, follow it with the publication year in parentheses: 
    • When Lee (1984) studied... 
  • If the author’s name is not in the text, enclose the last name and year in parentheses: When the study was completed... (Smith 2014). 
  • Quotations in the text must begin and end with quotation marks.
    • “In the early 2000's data showed students used their smartphones more” (Jones 2017:51).

Reference List

  1. Author’s last name, followed by a comma and the first name and middle initial ending with a period.
  2. Year of publication followed by a period.
  3. Title of article in “quotations,” ending with a period inside the closing quotation mark.
  4. Title of journal in italics, no period following.
  5. Volume number followed by issue number in parentheses, followed by a colon, page number(s) and period.
  6. For articles found online, including from a commercial database:

Brunson, Rod K. and Jody Miller. 2006. “Gender, Race, and Urban Policing: The        Experience of African American Youths.” Gender & Society 20(4):531-552.      Retrieved October 26, 2010 (http://gas.sagepub.com)

ASA Reference List

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