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FYS 100 : Great Filmmakers of the World (Sulzer-Reichel & Delers): Citing Sources

What to Cite

  • Facts, figures, ideas, or other information that is not common knowledge
  • Ideas, words, theories, or exact language that another person used in other publication
  • Publications that must be cited include:  books, book chapters, articles, web pages, websites, films, social media, and more.
  • Another person's exact words should be quoted and cited in the body of your paper to show proper credit.

Style Guide

MLA Formatting and Style Guide from Purdue Writing Center (OWL)- MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. 

How to Cite

In Text Citations:

When you use a direct quote or paraphrase an idea from another author, you must cite where this information came from in the body of your paper.  Check out these basic guidelines for formatting in-text citations. 

Films and electronic resources like web articles or streaming videos are cited slightly differently than books or journal articles in the body of your paper. See examples here.​ 

EXAMPLE: Werner Herzog's Fitzcarraldo stars Herzog's long-time film partner, Klaus Kinski. During the shooting of Fitzcarraldo, Herzog and Kinski were often at odds, but their explosive relationship fostered a memorable and influential film.

If you are quoting a specific scene in a film make sure to include a time or time range, separating hours, minutes and seconds, with colons, to indicate where the quote came from within the film, like a page number.  

​EXAMPLE: (Casablanca 00:34:30-00:36:03)​


References Page:

At the end of your paper, you should include a references page of all works cited. Check out these examples for citing specific types of resources.


Citing a film or dvd: 

Title. Original release date. Names of director(s). Names of performers if relevant, Publisher/Production company, publication date.

OR you can emphasize the director and create the citation this way:

Citing a film from a streaming platform like Kanopy or Swank Digital Campus:

Title. Name of director. Original Release date. Names of Performers if relevant, Publisher/Production Company, publication date. Database, URL.

Need more help? Check out this webpage for citing films.

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