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FYS 100 (36) - Bioethics: Citing Sources


EasyBib is a web-based program that creates citations for your resources in MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian. It is an easy to use, fill-in form that will enable you to quickly put together a bibliography of your citations.

Find information about registering and using EasyBib on the library's Citing Sources research guide. 


More sophisticated than EasyBib, RefWorks is a web-based tool that allows you to collect and organize citations, format papers, and create bibliographies. RefWorks allows you to create bibliographies in individual journal styles, as well as Chicago, MLA, and APA.

You may open multiple RefWorks accounts so that you can easily share citations with other students for group projects or lab research.



Go to the library's guide on citing sources -- RefWorks -- to learn how to register for RefWorks or click on the above logo if you are already a user.

Suggestions for citing sources

  • Dr. Boland prefers that you use the APA citation style for this class.
  • Chicago/Turabian, APA, or MLA are the primary citation styles. Chicago is most frequently used in the sciences.  And some instructors may require you to use the citation style of a specific journal or one they've created.  The key is always consistency.
  • Use the library's research guide on Citing Sources for guidance in using the APA style.
  • The Citing Sources guide also gives information on the other citation styles and also UR's citation management tools - EasyBib and RefWorks.
  • Use EasyBib if you have a short bibliography but need help in putting it into a correct format.
  • Use RefWorks if you have a longer bibliography and/or have time to learn a more sophisticated citation management tool.

Why Cite?

Reports of research and its findings are not considered valid and legitimate unless the researcher documents the resources and methods used to conduct that research. For a scientist, this entails a detailed account of the materials and methodology used in the lab or the field. It could mean including copies of surveys, questionnaires, observations, or other methods used to gather information. For any researcher using verbal or graphic materials - print, websites, film, photographic, microfiche, etc. - it means indicating exactly what materials were used and what information came from which source.

The purpose of this documentation is to allow other persons interested in the subject of the research to verify information or to carry the inquiry further. Accurately and completely documenting the sources of information used in a research report or article is therefore essential to the scholarly conversation.

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